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In a 2014 report, the UNDP indicates that it helped the national police train police officers and teach them how to apply Act No. According to an article published in La Nation, in October 2015, the UNDP held a training day on enforcement of laws dealing with violence against women, attended by some 30 judicial police officers from the Zou-Collines department (La Nation 12 Oct. No information on domestic violence training provided by the state to judicial police and personnel could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response.
3.3 Awareness Campaigns In its Beijing 20 report, the Government of Benin notes that Act 2011-26 has been [translation] "translated into the national languages and was made widely available during outreach and awareness campaigns on [violence against women]" (Benin 2014, 18). Loi no 2011-26 du 09 January 2012 portant prévention et répression des violences faites aux femmes.
Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Ottawa 1. "Prise en charge des victimes de violence basée sur le genre à Cotonou." [Accessed 17 Dec.
Background According to Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2014, published by the US Department of State, domestic violence in Benin is [US English version] "common" (US 25 June 2015, 16).
In its Beijing 20 report, however, Benin recognizes that there is [translation] "very poor enforcement of the legislation to promote women's rights and gender equality" in the country (ibid. The source adds, without further clarification, that [translation] "the application of legal instruments sometimes poses procedural problems" and that judges "sometimes have difficulty launching prosecutions of those who commit violations of women's and girls' rights" (ibid.). State Protection In a 2011 report, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) , an international foundation "whose mission is to assist the international community in pursuing good governance and reform of the security sector" and which comprises 63 member states (DCAF n.d.), indicates that the Central Office for the Protection of Minors, the Family and the Prevention of Trafficking in Human Beings (Office central de la protection des mineurs, de la famille et de la répression de la traite des êtres humains, OCPMRTEH) [also known as the Office central de protection des mineurs, de la famille et de la lutte contre le trafic des êtres humains], a division of the national police, [DCAF English version] "speciali[z]es in responding to reports of domestic violence and violence against women and girls" (DCAF 2011, 52, 54).
According to DCAF, [DCAF English version] "while the police handle the majority of such crimes, the more complex cases are referred to this specialized structure, which receives complaints from both women and men" (ibid., 55).
Further information on OCPMRTEH's role, operations or effectiveness could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. 2016] Consortium international des dispositifs de relation d'aide à distance (CIRAD).
3.1 Effectiveness In a 2012 report on the [translation] "helpline and counselling services for women who have had their rights violated," about a year after the service was implemented in the 49 Social Promotion Centres (centres de promotion sociale, CPS) at the time, MFASSNHPTA notes that a [translation] "limited number" of cases, approximately 10 percent, make it to court, and that "there are still cases involving crimes like rape or serious beatings and injuries … République du Bénin : programme autonomisation des femmes et des filles, initiative Etôdé - "Pour la justice et les droits des femmes et des filles." Rapport d'évaluation à mi-parcours, version finale. 2015] Centre de réflexions et d'actions pour le développement intégré et la solidarité (CERADIS).
According to the INTERPOL website, OCPMRTEH is a [translation] "specialized service" of the Central Command of the Judicial Police (Direction centrale de la police judiciaire), itself one of the technical divisions of the national police (INTERPOL n.d.). A UNDP article reports that in October 2015, in Parakou, the UNDP, along with the Ministry of the Family and other organizations, offered an awareness workshop on violence against women to [translation] "approximately 20" journalists (UN 3 Nov. The responsibilities of the CPSs include offering support to women victims of violence (ibid.). According to MFASSNHPTA, during the first 13 months of the consultation service, the 49 CPSs offering it received 12,129 visits and opened 5,042 files: 1,738 of these files were sent to the police and 490 to the justice system, while 2,604 were resolved through conciliation (ibid., 6). Sources state that these centres are run by the Wi LDAF network, that they are funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and that their legal framework is set out in Act No. 2015) and the third in Parakou in December 2015 (ibid.). In correspondence sent to the Research Directorate, a representative of the USAID mission to Benin indicated that the centres also offered financial assistance to the victims and that they had received 1,143 people in 2015 (ibid. The representative of the USAID mission to Benin stated that there was no shelter for women victims of domestic violence in Benin (ibid.). Décret n° 2013-008 du 05 février 2013 portant composition du gouvernement. According to MFASSNHPTA, in December 2010, the CPSs began offering a [translation] "a service to listen to and advise women who have had their rights violated," in the communes, to provide legal assistance to victims of violence and to refer them to the other public services and NGOs (ibid. The source adds that 97 percent of the cases consisted of women and girls, and that the spouse was the perpetrator of the violence in 53 percent of cases, with a single case sometimes involving more than one victim, e.g. However, MFASSNHPTA maintains that [translation] "victim intake remained very deficient and discouraged many people from lodging complaints" (ibid., 65). In its September 2015 article, the UNDP notes that [translation] "certain CPS workers and even members of law enforcement lack a proper understanding of what constitutes [gender-based violence]. These centres offer legal, medical, psychological and social assistance to victims of gender-based violence (Éduc'Action 21 Apr. Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. The ABMS states that it receives some 300 calls a day (ibid.). "Message de madame Fatouma Amadou Djibril dans le cadre de la Journée internationale de la femme du 08 March 2013 au Palais de congrès." [Accessed 14 Jan. The same source also reports that in 2012, these awareness campaigns reached 127,433 people in 77 communes in the country, including citizens and representatives of local authorities and civil society (ibid.). Ministère de la Famille, des Affaires sociales, de la Solidarité nationale, des Handicapés et des Personnes du troisième âge (MFASSNHPTA), Direction de la promotion de la femme et du genre. In 2013, the AFJB, as part of the Etôdé project, held 4 information sessions on Act 2011-26, which were attended by 522 people (AFJB n.d.a). Support Services According to its website, MFASSNHPTA operates a network of social promotion centres (centres de promotion sociale, CPS) in the 12 departments of the country (Benin n.d.). The first of these centres opened its doors in Abomey in May 2014, the second in Cotonou in April 2015 (ibid.; US 30 Dec. In her opinion, the centres remain underutilized by the Beninese population (ibid.). Un an d'expérience du service d'écoute et de conseil aux femmes ayant subi une violation de leurs droits (décembre 2010- décembre 2011).
Care International notes that some 10 percent of cases of violence against women and girls referred to the various agencies of the state in connection with the Etôdé project [translation] "make it to court" (ibid.).