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Another point is that the sweet potato in Polynesia is the cultivated Ipomoea batatas, which is generally spread by vine cuttings and not by seeds.
Due to a major crop failure, sweet potatoes were introduced to Fujian province of China in about 1594 from Luzon.
Of the approximately 50 genera and more than 1,000 species of Convolvulaceae, I. The genus Ipomoea that contains the sweet potato also includes several garden flowers called morning glories, though that term is not usually extended to Ipomoea batatas.
batatas is the only crop plant of major importance—some others are used locally (e.g. Some cultivars of Ipomoea batatas are grown as ornamental plants under the name tuberous morning glory, used in a horticultural context.
The New World, the original home of the sweet potato, grows less than three percent (3%) of the world's supply.
Europe has only a very small sweet potato production, mainly in Portugal.
The young leaves and shoots are sometimes eaten as greens.
The sweet potato is only distantly related to the potato (Solanum tuberosum) and does not belong to the nightshade family, Solanaceae, but both families belong to the same taxonomic order, the Solanales.
The edible tuberous root is long and tapered, with a smooth skin whose color ranges between yellow, orange, red, brown, purple, and beige.
The growing of sweet potatoes was encouraged by the Governor Chin Hsüeh-tseng (Jin Xuezeng).
is that they were a reliable crop in cases of crop failure of other staple foods because of typhoon flooding.
In Mexico, Peru, Chile, Central America, and the Philippines, the sweet potato is known as camote (alternatively spelled kamote in the Philippines), derived from the Nahuatl word camotli.
In Peru, the Quechua name for a type of sweet potato is kumar, strikingly similar to the Polynesian name kumara and its regional Oceanic cognates (kumala, umala, 'uala, etc.), which has led some scholars to suspect an instance of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact.
The Spanish combined this with the Quechua word for potato, papa, to create the word patata for the common potato.