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Taiwan's epidemic of HIV/AIDS began with the first case reported in December 1984.
The circulating recombinant form might have followed a separate drug-trafficking route to Taiwan from Yunnan via southeast China, Guangxi, and Hong Kong.
This policy was repealed in January 2015, allowing HIV/AIDS infected foreign individuals to remain in Taiwan.
HIV/AIDS patients' medical treatment costs are covered by Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI).
On July 11, 2007, the AIDS Prevention and Control Act was renamed the HIV Infection Control and Patient Rights Protection Act (人類免疫缺乏病毒傳染防治及感染者權益保障條例).
Until January 2015, the original HIV Infection Control and Patient Rights Protection Act required foreigners who tested positive to be deported, therefore most of the reported foreigners are no longer in Taiwan.
Free methadone is provided to HIV-1-infected intravenous drug users while HIV-1 seronegative intravenous drug users have to pay about US$1600 a year.